Amendment of Anti-corruption Laws
The FEACC made encouraging achievements in the fight against corruption. However, a lot could have been achieved had it not been for some problems in the anti-corruption laws. Chief among the problems were lack of clarity in some anti-corruption provisions; the exclusion of the private sector from the jurisdiction of the Federal Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission of Ethiopia (FEACC) as per the requirements of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption; the detection of loopholes in some anti-corruption provisions; and the fact that measures were not taken to codify all anti-corruption laws under one comprehensive code.
With a view to curbing the above-mentioned stumbling blocks, the Ethiopian Government decided to make amendments on the existing anti-corruption laws. As a result, various provisions in the existing anti-corruption laws which lacked clarity were clarified through the amendments. Additionally, the private sector, particularly those who administer funds collected from the public or collected for public purposes, were included within the Commission’s jurisdiction. Those organizations which operate in their private capacity and are engaged in carrying out public activities through the delegation given to them by the Government are also included within the Commission’s jurisdiction. For example, organizations which are delegated to grant driving licenses and health certificates on behalf of the Government fall within the Commission’s jurisdiction after the amendment of the law. By doing so, Ethiopia has managed to fulfill the requirements of the UNCAC and the African Union Convention on preventing and Combating Corruption, both of which it ratified some years back. As a party to those conventions, Ethiopia is committed to their full implementation.
The measures taken to include the private sector within the Commission’s jurisdiction as per the requirements of both conventions are indicative of the country’s commitment to their full implementation.
- The Commission’s Establishment Proclamation was amended in a way that suits new developments (incorporation of the private sector and clarification of unclear provisions).